(1940-1945)

Dievs Svētī Latviju------------------- mp3 Daugavas Vanagu Dziesma-------mp3
Here Is Latvia-------------------- mp3 15th Division song-----------------mp3
19th Division Song--------------------mp3  

          This site is to write a short history of a group of men and women from a small Baltic nation from the first Strelnieki in 1915 that answered the call of their country that won their Independence in 1918 and in WWII fought again to try and preserve it. If we take the numbers presented by Arthur Silgailis in his book “LATVIAN LEGION” pages 236-237, over 148,000 men were conscripted by Germany and 61,000 served Stalin. Out of a nation of 1,500,000 it is estimated that around 100,000 people died during this tragic time. In Kurzeme, Soviet documents show that Stalin threw division after division into the Kurland inferno, disregarding the appallingly high losses. According to German estimates, the Soviet army lost 320,000 soldiers – including those fallen, wounded, and taken prisoner – and 2388 tanks, 659 planes, 900 cannons, and 1440 machine-guns. At the end of the war somewhere about 14,000 Latvian soldiers were left behind for Stalins Gulags in Siberia.  The war didn't end for some for between 1945 and 1956, 2,422 were shot by the occupying Russians and 7,342 were arrested. Among the last defenders of Hitler's Reich Chancellery and Himmler's State Security Headquarters in Berlin were eighty Latvian soldiers, from the Fifteenth Battalion of the Fifteenth Latvian Legion(see page). The last commander of this battalion, Lieutenant Neilands, would act as interpreter for the talks on German surrender between the commander of Berlin, General Krebs, and the Soviets. Yet another Latvian, the Soviet Colonel General Nikolajs Bersarin, who's troops fought the Latvians in Berlin, would become the first commander of Russian-occupied Berlin until his death in 1946.
       Several times during the war the Latvians had fought each other in battles(See Information) such as in the battle for Courland at the city of Džûksta during December 1944 where in six battles 72,000 Russian soldiers perished trying to destroy Army Group North. The majority are buried in a cemetery on the outskirts of the city of Priekule in Kurzeme.


The Declaration of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia (19th of September 1990):

        In the name of the people of Latvia, the Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia proclaims that it without reservation condemns the genocide against the Jewish people realized during Hitler's occupation of Latvia. With deep regret, we must acknowledge that Latvia 's citizens were also among those who helped to realize this occupant-inspired terror.
       The Supreme Council of the Republic of Latvia declares that the state of Latvia will not tolerate any sign of anti-Semitism and nationality discrimination in Latvia as being uncompatible with our people's traditions.

        For those who are looking for Holocaust information about Latvia then I suggest Prof. Ezergailis Work

          With the fall of the Russian empire in 1991, the last Russian troops withdrew from Latvia at the end of August 1994. In October of 1994 the Friedrich Ebert Foundation of Germany commissioned a poll of Russian military officers. Among the questions was one that asked the respondents to rank foreign states according to the threat they posed to Russia. That a German foundation should put this question to Russian soldiers a half century after the horrendously brutal war between Germany and Russia was understandable. The results of the poll were, however, most surprising. Germany was not to be found among the top five enemy states. In fifth position was the United States, in fourth Estonia, third Lithuania, and second Afghanistan. The grand prize - went to Latvia. Forty nine percent of the officers polled considered Latvia to be their chief enemy. A country with a population of fewer than 3 million was deemed the principal foe of a state with some 150 million people. Another Poll taken in 2005, the Russians still put Latvia and the Baltics as Russia's number one enemy. This comes from a nation known to have murderd over 50 million people since 1919 (with no one being prosecuted) and terrorized many more.

       

      This site is divided into Latvian and English .

   

For a history of Latvia and its tragic history in depth I suggest my links for further references: